Chord Tones Drills: Targeting The 3rd
In the first 2 lessons of this module we will explore a selection of chord tone drills to help us target the 3rds and 7ths. Whilst these exercises may appear to be simple, targeting the chord tones is an essential component of improvisation as we will see in the upcoming lessons.
Why Are Chord Tones Important?
Chord tones – particularly 3rds and 7ths – are ideal ‘landing places’ to finish our improvised lines. In addition these tones can be used as resting points which allows our improvisations to breath and also creates space in between our improvised phrases.
These drills and exercises will help you to visualise the chord tones from a melodic standpoint. We are going to perform these drills over a stride left hand style. The stride left hand will outline the harmony and also create a steady pulse over which we can improvise with our right hand melodies.
The 3 Types Of Approach Patterns
In this lesson we explore 3 types of approach patterns which can be used to target the 3rd of each chord in the A Section of “Misty”. The 3 types of approach pattern that we will cover are:
- Diatonic Approach Patterns
- Chromatic Approach Patterns
- Single & Double Note Enclosures
In the next lesson we will repeat the same drills but this time targeting the 7th of each chord.
Targeting 3rds Notation File Type: pdf
Complete these drills at a slow tempo, focus on accuracy, and keep a steady pulse in the left hand.
Start with the diatonic approach from above and once this drill can be performed accurately move onto the next drills.
Once each drill can be performed accurately, begin to mix and match the approach patterns as you cycle around the A Section of the tune.