Major 251 Drills: UST b9/#11 & UST #5#9
In this lesson we explore the b9/#11 and #5#9 upper structures over major 251 progressions. We then apply these voicings to the well-known jazz standards "Autumn Leaves" and "The Nearness Of You".
Recap Of Previous Practice Slot
We start this lesson with a recap of the last practice slot where we explored upper structures 13#11 and 13b9. We discuss the application and similarities between these 2 upper structure triads.
UST b9#11 Drills & Exercises
We then explore the sound and construction of the b9#11 upper structure which is a major triad built from the #11.
We examine the voice leading between the ii-7 and V7 chords and discuss a shortcut which can be used to access the b9#11 altered tensions.
UST #5#9 Drills & Exercises
The second upper structure triad that we explore contains #5#9 alterations. To access this sound we build a major triad from the #5.
The #5#9 upper structure can be applied to dominant 7 chords followed by the word "alt". "Alt" is shorthand for "altered" and #5#9 upper structure can be used create a tense altered dominant sound.
Download the upper structure triad cheat sheet and keep it close to the piano for quick and easy reference.
Start the drills in different places on the circle of fifths to ensure that you are evenly distributing your practice time throughout all 12 keys.
For each upper structure voicing, make a conscious analysis of the scale degrees. In particular identify the altered tones in relation to the root note.
Experiment with these upper structure triads over your favourite jazz standards.
- Understand the role of tritone substitute and how this creates different upper structure triad possibilities in 251 progressions.